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Flitwick Moor

An important wetland with an mix of fen, meadow, wet woodland and fragile peaty soils

In the heart of the Flit Valley, this wetland was left behind when peat was cut from the site as recently as the 1960s. The peat was used in the purification of natural gas. Long before that, the naturally iron-rich groundwater that bubbled up to the surface from springs was bottled and sold as a tonic for the blood.

Now the reserve is a Site of Special Scientific Interest. Woodlands of oak and birch and dense stands of bracken reveal the acidic nature of the site; acidic springs rise in the reserve. Alder woods have developed in the wetter areas. The wet fen and truly boggy nature of the mire provide the real treasures of the site, including fluffy seed heads of cottongrass, ten species of sphagnum moss and marsh pennywort – the round leaves of which creep via slender underground stems. The flowers of meadowsweet, purple loosestrife and square-stalked St. John’s-wort all bloom in summer.

Tall reeds fringe open water where frogs and toads spawn in spring. The vegetation provides ideal cover for the elusive water rail, only given away by its eerie squealing call. In summer, warblers voice their scratchy songs.

Folly Wood is a haven for mosses and ferns and the spring flowers of opposite-leaved golden saxifrage. The grazed meadows, untouched by peat extraction, feature meadow saxifrage and lady’s bedstraw and a range of grasshoppers and bush crickets, including the intriguingly named short-winged conehead. Large anthills produced by the yellow meadow ant may also contain nests of other ants.

We manage this diverse site by grazing the grassland and parts of the woodland, raking the fen meadow, as well as pulling bracken, coppicing shrubs and pollarding willows. We have occasional work parties at Flitwick; see our website for details.

The map below is for indication purposes only and does not show the Wildlife Trusts definitive land boundary.

Nearby nature reserves

Cut-throat Meadow
2 miles - Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire
Cooper's Hill
2 miles - Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire
Barton Gravel Pit
5 miles - Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire

Nature reserve map

Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right 2012. For indicative purposes does not show exact boundaries.

Reserve information

1/4 mile east of
Map reference
TL 046 354
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Opening Times
Open at all times
66.60 hectares

Just east of Flitwick, off Maulden Road.
Walking information
Paths wet in places
Car park at end of narrow, bumpy track off Maulden Road at Folly Farm.
Dogs must be on lead
Grazing animals
Reserve manager
Tel: 01234 364213